In cluster environments, you can configure EhCache in two different topologies, one is distributed, and the other is replicated. In replicated mode, each EhCache instance in the network acts as a peer. There is no master cache. Instances communicated with each other via multicast network messages through RMI. Configuration of EhCache in replicated mode is easy but involves several steps. Let’s look at them closer.
First, you need to add <cacheManagerPeerProviderFactory> element within <ehcache> element in ehcache.xml file.
<cacheManagerPeerProviderFactory class="net.sf.ehcache.distribution.RMICacheManagerPeerProviderFactory" properties="peerDiscovery=automatic, multicastGroupAddress=126.96.36.199,multicastGroupPort=4446, timeToLive=32"/>
EhCache instances discover other peers in the network either automatic, or manual. You can manage this option with peerDiscovery attribute.
Second, you need to add <cacheManagerPeerListenerFactory> element, again within <ehcache> element so that EhCache instance will listen to peer messages in the network.
<cacheManagerPeerListenerFactory class="net.sf.ehcache.distribution.RMICacheManagerPeerListenerFactory" properties="hostName=localhost,port=40001,socketTimeoutMillis=2000"/>
hostName property allows entering hostname or IP in order to direct EhCache listen multicast messages through a specific interface if there are several interfaces on the cluster node.
The third addition, <cacheEventListenerFactory> element goes into either <cache> or <defaultCache> elements the configuration file.
<defaultCache maxElementsInMemory="10000" eternal="false" timeToIdleSeconds="0" timeToLiveSeconds="120" maxElementsOnDisk="10000000" diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds="120" memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU"> <persistence strategy="localTempSwap"/> <cacheEventListenerFactory class="net.sf.ehcache.distribution.RMICacheReplicatorFactory" properties="replicateAsynchronously=true, replicatePuts=true, replicateUpdates=true, replicatePutsViaCopy=true,replicateUpdatesViaCopy=true, replicateRemovals=true "/> </defaultCache>
This element enables a cache event listener in order to replicate operations performed on this cache region.
You can choose whether replication should go async or sync via replicateAsynchronously attribute. Async mode will be faster, but sync is safer as it will wait to ensure every other peer in the network got updated.
replicatePuts, replicateUpdates and replicateRemovals attributes allow us to manage what operations will be replicated on other peers.
replicatePutsViaCopy, and replicateUpdatesViaCopy attributes changes replication strategy of cache puts and updates either by copying or invalidating data in other peers.
The last important thing about in replicated cache configuration is use of time to idle. As time to idle is incosistent with replicated caching, you should not use it in your cache region configuration. You can set it to 0 in your cache configuration.