Redis Transactions in Spring Enabled Applications

Thanks to the Spring Data Redis project‘s “Redis Repositories” support, it is much easier to manage domain objects within Redis datastore. Redis Repositories also provides support for custom mapping and secondary indexes. Unfortunately, Redis Repositories stuff doesn’t work with “Redis Transactions”. If you want to make use of Redis Transactions and synchronize your Redis database operations with Spring, you need to either revert to “RedisTemplate” or perform your operations with Redis Repositories while manually synchronizing your operations using Spring transaction synchronization API.

If you decide on using “RedisTemplate”, you must be aware that by default Redis Transactions are disabled. RedisTemplate and StringRedisTemplate bean configurations defined within Spring Boot Redis AutoConfiguration haven’t enabled it, and unfortunately, they don’t expose any property to enable it via the application.properties. Therefore, the only thing you can follow at this point is to just override those two bean definitions in your configuration classes and enable transaction support there.

    fun redisTemplate(redisConnectionFactory: RedisConnectionFactory): RedisTemplate<Any, Any> {
        val template = RedisTemplate<Any, Any>()
        return template

    fun stringRedisTemplate(redisConnectionFactory: RedisConnectionFactory): StringRedisTemplate {
        val template = StringRedisTemplate()
        return template

Whenever you attempt to read a value corresponding to a key using redisTemplate.getOpsForValue().get(key) method from Redis database while there exists an active transaction around (for example from within a method which is marked with @Transactional annotation), it will return a NULL value. You must perform such read operations over a separate connection that doesn’t belong to the current transactional connection.

val c:RedisConnection = stringRedisTemplate.connectionFactory!!.connection
val v :ByteArray? = c.get(id.toByteArray())

In such cases, you may need to create two distinct RedisTemplate bean configurations one with transaction support and the other without.

If you have already enabled RedisTemplate transaction support, Redis database operations will be accumulated and reflected onto the database at transaction commit time. Spring Data Redis project doesn’t offer a separate implementation of PlatformTransactionManager specific for Redis. The general expectation is that Redis usage will complement some other transactional datastore access like JDBC, accordingly, there will be a corresponding PlatformTransactionManager bean configuration targeted for DataSource, Hibernate, JPA, or JTA, and transaction management and transaction synchronization requirements will be satisfied by it. Hence, operations performed via a RedisTemplate, which has enabled transaction support will participate with the currently active transaction managed by that TransactionManager, and they will be reflected just after the active transaction completion if it is committed.

Below, you can inspect related RedisTransactionSynchronizer source code which is registered for that purpose, as a transaction synchronization object to the currently active transaction by the RedisConnectionUtils while any operation is being performed over RedisTemplate.

private static class RedisTransactionSynchronizer extends TransactionSynchronizationAdapter {
    private final RedisConnectionHolder connHolder;
    private final RedisConnection connection;
    private final RedisConnectionFactory factory;

    public void afterCompletion(int status) {
        try {
            switch (status) {
                case TransactionSynchronization.STATUS_COMMITTED:						        
                case TransactionSynchronization.STATUS_ROLLED_BACK:
                case TransactionSynchronization.STATUS_UNKNOWN:
        } finally {
            if (log.isDebugEnabled()) {
                log.debug("Closing bound connection after transaction completed with " + status);

The important point here is that registered Redis transaction synchronization will be executed after the transaction commit. For example, when you perform some JDBC operations, and at the same time access to the Redis database and update some information related to those operations, those updates to the Redis database will be reflected only after the JDBC transaction is committed. If something goes wrong during the execution of this Redis transaction synchronization, it won’t have any effect on the already completed JDBC transaction. In other words, regardless of the outcome of your Redis operations, your business scenario will be completed successfully if its JDBC operations are successful. There is no problem with that kind of flow as long as your business scenario complies with it. Such a usage corresponds with the “Nontransactional Access Pattern” mentioned in the article written by David Syer, in which he examines common transactional processing patterns.

If you prefer to go with the Redis Repositories instead of RedisTemplate within your project and you expect your operations performed via the Redis Repository bean corresponding to your domain object should be reflected in the Redis database at the time of transaction commit, then the method you must follow for this purpose is to create a transaction synchronization object by yourself, place your Repository operation within the specific callback method(s) in the transaction synchronization object, and then register it to the Spring’s TransactionSynchronizationManager manually.

fun doSomething() {
    val foo = Foo()
        override fun afterCommit() {

Here you must be aware that Spring Data Repositories behind the scenes also make use of RedisTemplate to perform its operations, and transaction support of that RedisTemplate instance must be disabled for Redis Repositories to function without any problem. If you want to use both transactional RedisTemplate and Spring Data Repositories together in your project, then you must define another non-transactional RedisTemplate bean in your application and indicate Redis Repositories to use it via @EnableRedisRepositories annotation in your application configuration.